Fire Safety Programs
Learn Not to Burn ®TM
The Learn Not to Burn® (LNTB®) fire safety education program is available to Charlottetown elementary school children. Based on the National Fire Protection Association’s outline there are activities to teach fire safety behaviors (e.g., Stop, Drop and Roll, crawl low under smoke) in a way that children can understand and remember. This program has been credited with saving lives throughout North America. LNTB® focuses on teaching 22 key fire safety behaviors to children from kindergarten to grade 3.
There is also a Learn Not to Burn preschool program designed to teach eight simple but important lifesaving behaviors to children in preschool and day-care centers.
The Arson Prevention Program for Children (TAPP-C)
TAPP-C is based on the premise that for most youth, fire-setting is a behavioral problem that can be corrected with a combination of education and psychological counselling. The TAPP-C Program is a fire prevention initiative that provides strategies to reduce fire-setting behaviors amongst children and helps determine why a child has been involved with fire and whether he/she is likely to continue to be involved with fire. The Charlottetown Fire department plays a key role in the education, identification and the referral of youth fire-setters. The program focuses on educating children aged 2-17 about appropriate fire safety behaviors. If you are a parent and you are concerned about possible fire-setting behavior of your child please contact the Fire Department directly to access TAPP-C services.
Smoke Alarm Program
Smoke alarms are proven to greatly increase your chance of surviving a fire emergency in your home. Home visits are made in Charlottetown during the spring/summer months to ensure there are working smoke alarms in all homes. The smoke alarm program assists people whom because of age, physical or mental limitations or financial reasons are not able to install or maintain a smoke alarm in their home. Although door to door visitations are seasonal the department can be contacted any time regarding the smoke alarm program.
Questions you may have about smoke alarms
What is a smoke alarm?
A smoke alarm is a device that detects smoke and sounds an alarm. The sound of the working smoke alarm will alert you and wake you to smoke in the home, giving you time to get out. You must maintain your smoke alarms testing them regularly, changing the batteries and ensuring that they bear the mark of a recognized testing laboratory.
What are the benefits of smoke alarms?
Smoke alarms allow you to detect an early fire thus providing an opportunity to control the fire or escape, reducing death, injury and property damage. Read manufacturer’s instructions for testing and maintenance.
What are the requirements for smoke alarm installation in your home?
According to the National Building Code
Are smoke alarms all the same?
There are two types of smoke alarms but before you buy be sure the smoke alarms has been tested by a recognized testing laboratory. The types are ionization and photoelectric. Ionization responds quicker to a flaming fire, while photoelectric responds to a smoldering fire. Both types should be in the home or a combination smoke alarm.
Where should smoke alarms be located?
It is important that your smoke alarms are properly placed. Install smoke alarms in every sleeping room, outside each sleeping area and on every level of your home including the basement. Interconnect the smoke alarms throughout the home so when one sounds all sound and everyone is alerted.
How long do smoke alarms they last?
Smoke alarms have a limited life span. To ensure your family’s safety, replace smoke alarms every 10 years. This applies to hard -wired as well as the 10 year battery type. Hard -wired smoke alarms need to be installed by a qualified electrician.
How often should I test my smoke alarm?
Smoke alarms should be tested monthly by pushing the button. If the smoke alarm is not working replace the battery immediately. If still not working you may need to purchase a new smoke alarm.
How often should I replace the battery?
Replace the battery twice a year when you change your clocks. Even if the battery is good it is better to place a newer one in and be safe.
Why does my hard wired smoke alarm sound when there is no smoke?
There are a few reasons: Turn power to hard wired smoke alarm off to do the following:
- Dust or dirt could be in the smoke alarm. Gently dust with the small brush of the vacuum.
- Insects may have gotten into the chamber again dust and vacuum.
- There may have been a power disruption or a loose electrical connection. When restored or corrected the alarm will work.
Why is my smoke alarm chirping?
This is warning you that your battery is low and needs to be replaced immediately.
Why does my smoke alarm sound from steam, cooking toast etc?
The smoke alarm is doing its job and responding to ions and particles in the air. If you buy a smoke alarm with a hush button this could limit the nuisance alarms.
What if I can’t hear the smoke alarm?
There are smoke alarms available for people who are hard of hearing. They use strobe lights, along with a pillow or bed shaker to wake them up. For more information on this technique go to www.nfpa.org/disabilities
How far should we install smoke alarms from a cooking appliance?
To prevent nuisance alarms we should place a photoelectric smoke alarm 6 meters away from the appliance.
Window Decal Program
The Charlottetown Fire Department provide window decals for homes. These decals identify sleeping rooms. They are distributed yearly by firefighters during fire prevention week where fire fighters visit homes explaining their use and providing educational information with the window decal. Decals are placed on sleeping room windows and home owners are instructed to remove the decals should that room be renovated.
Life safety is the foremost concern for firefighters and they are trained to make a thorough and systematic search for anyone inside a burning building. People are encouraged to practice their escape plan, install smoke alarms in all sleeping rooms and on every level of their home and ensure you and your children have the information and skills needed to make the right decisions in an emergency.
Change your Clock – Change the Battery
Twice a year the fire department in conjunction with neighboring fire departments join their partner, McDonald’s restaurant in promoting change your clock…change your battery. Firefighters provide customers with batteries for their smoke alarms along with educational material and fire safety information.
Older & Wiser
Statistics show that adults over age 65 are at the highest risk of being killed or injured in a fire. To address this serious problem, the Charlottetown Fire Department offers the fire safety program Older & Wiser, specifically for older adults. The program is consists of eight fire safety behaviors that the department offers to senior housing, community care facilities and senior groups interested in learning more about fire safety. Please call 629-4082 if you would like to book a session. .
Firefighters visit schools providing information and education to the different grade levels interested in fire prevention. Each grade level is designed with different materials and information applicable to their level. If you would like a firefighter to visit your classroom please call 629-4082.
Fire Extinguisher Training
The Charlottetown Fire Department conducts fire extinguisher training for the city– anytime, anywhere. The Bullseye™ Laser-Driven Fire Extinguisher Training System allows us to train safely in any setting in an office building, school, or at the department. The Bullseye eliminates the time consuming cleanup and expense associated with using an actual extinguisher, allowing us to train more people in less time. Those groups, organizations, restaurants interested in knowing how to operate a fire extinguisher are asked to contact the department.
Community Safety Net Program
Directed at the grade four level, this is a program sponsored by the community where educational interactive booklets and dvd are given to the children to enhance their knowledge of fire safety.
“Community Safety Net™ is a revolutionary safety awareness and education initiative that creates a network of concerned individuals who want to protect children and help save lives”.
The Charlottetown Fire Department holds an open house, at Station 1 in conjunction with the city’s winter fun weekend. Children visit the station, chat with the firefighters and enjoy spending an afternoon viewing the trucks, equipment and Sparky.
Fire Department Tours & Educational Sessions
Fire Safety Educational sessions are offered to various groups such as boy scouts, beavers, youth groups, new comers, adult educational facilities and organizations who request information on fire safety. Material is presented to the particular occupancy or organization requesting the information.
During the months of May & June elementary schools are invited to attend the fire department, participate in an educational session and tour the station. In September & October the preschool classes are hosted at the station. Anyone wanting to book a tour please call 629-4082. This is opened to the public.